Julia Lee (1902–1958)
Updated: Aug 10, 2021
Biography courtesy of Missouri Valley Special Collection, Kansas City Public Library & David Conrads, edited by Nina Cherry
Julia Lee was known for her husky voice, her straightforward piano style, and the easy, but heartfelt way she sang. In a professional singing career that spanned four decades, Lee built a national reputation as one of the great female blues singers of all time.
Julia Lee was born in Boonville, Missouri, and raised in Kansas City, where she attended Lincoln High School. As a child, she performed with her father’s string trio, as well as at neighborhood house parties and church socials. She began her professional musical career singing and playing the piano in her brother’s band, George E. Lee and His Novelty Singing Orchestra. In January 1918, at age sixteen, Julia Lee joined the Local 627. The union had just been established a year prior, making her not only one of the early members, but one of the first women to join. George Lee’s band formed around 1920, and, among the Black musical groups in the Kansas City area, was the biggest rival of the Bennie Moten Orchestra during that decade. George Lee’s band featured outstanding singers and soloists. It was also the training ground for many talented young musicians, including, briefly, Charlie Parker.
Photographs courtesy of the LaBudde Special Collections, UMKC University Libraries
After her brother’s group disbanded in 1935, Julia Lee stayed in Kansas City and launched an independent career. A major figure in the blues revival that followed World War II, her trademark was double entendres, or, as she once said, “the songs my mother taught me not to sing.”
She made several hit records in the 1940s. The success of “Come on Over to My House Baby” lead to a recording contract with Capitol Records in 1946. “Snatch and Grab It,” recorded in 1947, sold a half million copies. She worked primarily in Kansas City and frequently teamed up with the great drummer Samuel “Baby” Lovett, a veteran of George Lee’s band. In 1949, Lee and Lovett played at the White House at the invitation of President Harry Truman.
When Lee played locally in the 1950s, she was frequently billed with a fellow female blues pianist and vocalist, Charlotte Mansfield as "Capitol recording artists."
Lee was married for a time to baseball player and manager Frank Duncan, of the Kansas City Monarchs. At the time of her death, she was one of the most popular performers in Kansas City.
Images owned by the Mutual Musicians Foundation are displayed for educational purposes only. This photograph is not free for use.
Snatch and Grab It was number-one for 12 weeks on the Billboard R&B chart in 1948.
Later in the same year, King Size Papa had a nine week run as the number-one song on the Billboard R&B chart.
St. James Infirmary is thought to the first recording of Julia Lee singing.
Flynn, Jane Fifield. Kansas City Women of Independent Minds. Kansas City, MO: Fifield Publishing Co., 1992.
Kernfeld, Barry, ed. New Grove Dictionary of Jazz. New York: St. Martin’s Press, 1994.
Pearson, Nathan W. Jr. Goin’ to Kansas City. Urbana: University of Illinois Press, 1987.
Russell, Ross. Jazz Style in Kansas City and the Southwest. Berkley: University of California Press, 1971.
Whitburn, Joel. Top R&B/Hip-Hop Singles: 1942-2004. Record Research Incorporated, 2004.